Do Dog Exercises Promote Mental Stimulation?


It is important to provide your dogs with adequate exercise to keep them healthy, to prevent behavior problems caused by boredom and pent-up energy and make them feel happy. This not only includes physical exercise but should include mental enrichment. Mental stimulation can use as much energy as physical activity.

Dogs have a keen and powerful nose. Playing scenting and nose games helps to provide mental stimulation. Agility classes combine physical exercise with mental stimulation. They are also great for bonding with your pet. Obedience training builds a stronger bond with your dog and provides mental stimulation. It’s best in short sessions though.

Nothing gets most dogs excited like a Kong filled with peanut butter. The challenge of getting every last drop provides plenty of mental stimulation. Some people go a step further and feed their dog every meal using a food dispensing toy.

A bored dog isn’t just more likely to be destructive – it’s also less happy and fulfilled. It’s important our dogs get enough physical and mental stimulation throughout the day. This can partly be achieved by allowing your dog to spend time in the garden (possibly with a dog door), but this can’t substitute a proper walk.

Even dogs that love walks will start to get bored if you use the same one or two routes each day. Repetitive routes are much better than no exercise, but they don’t provide as much mental stimulation. For this reason, try to vary your walks.

Give your dog plenty of time to sniff. Even if your dog isn’t off-leash, give him lots of opportunity to sniff and investigate. Dogs rely on their sense of smell much more than humans, so this provides lots of mental stimulation.

Dogs are highly intelligent beings needing physical and mental stimulation just like we do. It turns out that walking around the yard isn’t as physically or mentally stimulating as we hoped it might be. The solution to this is to actually take your dog out for a good walk or a jog. That way, your dog can be mentally and physically stimulated by interacting with the outside world.

Plan a route that allows for time off-leash (if possible). Not all dogs are suitable for off-leash walking. For those that are, try to plan routes that allow for at least some time off-leash. Dogs tend to sniff and explore more when given extra freedom, which provides extra mental stimulation. Be careful if your dog is off-leash around children though – and never let him out of your sight.

Proper Horse Nutrition


Keeping a horses health in tiptop condition will required proper food, water, and supplementation. If you’re keeping your horse in a pasture, its not enough to rely on grass for grazing alone. Take a look at these important details about horse nutrition.

Six main nutrients – Horses need to have these six nutrient classes to survive:

* Carbohydrates

* Protein

* Vitamins

* Minerals

Water is the most essential nutrient your horse needs. It needs enough water on a daily basis to stay healthy. This is why you need to make sure that you give it a continuous clean water supply.

They need about 2 quarts or almost 2 liters of water for 1 pound of hay they eat. The volume of water should also be tripled during hot weather. The same applies for horses that are lactating or work daily, regardless of the temperatures.

Fats and carbohydrates provide the energy for your horse. These will provide enough energy for your horse to go through its daily work and activities.

Protein maintains the proper development of the horses muscles during growth, and minerals help keep the horses body functions working, like muscle contraction and nerve conduction. It will need some macro-minerals like sodium, calcium, and potassium.

Vitamins aren’t really needed in your horses diet. But, there are supplements which are meant to help keep stressed horses from developing severe health problems.

Hay and alternative feeds – Hay makes up a large amount of a horses diet when graze isnt available. This kind of feed will allow you to keep a horse in an environment that isn’t natural to horses.

If fresh hay isnt available, you can resort to alternative feeds. Only feed your horses when you really have no other choice.

* Beet pulp

* Silage or haylage

* Hay cubes

* Concentrated feeds

* Alfalfa

* Old hay

Feed and plants to avoid – Not everything can be fed to your horses. Grains like rice bran and wheat may result in mineral imbalances in your horses body. Garden refuse, lawn clippings, and compostable arent recommended either, since they can be toxic to horses.

If youre keeping your horse in a pasture, make sure that it’s free from toxic plants. Here is a list of plants you need to avoid feeding your horses:

* Deadly nightshade

* Buttercups

* Bracken fern

* Horse tails

* Pigweed

* Lily of the valley

* Milkweed
* Red maple

* Red oak

* St. Johns wort

Water supply – Certain factors will affect the volume of water your horse should intake. It depends on the climate, workload, size, and type and amount of feed.

Use this table as a general guide on the water volume your horse should drink based on its weight.

Body Weight 419 kg (900 lbs) – Water Volume 3-6 gallons (13.5-27 liters)

Body Weight 545 kg (1200 lbs) – Water Volume 4-8 gallons (18-36 liters)

Body Weight 680 kg (1500 lbs) – Water Volume 5-10 gallons (22.5-45 liters)